SawyerX has resigned from the Perl 5 steering council. This is unfortunate for a variety of reasons, the worst of which is that it is essentially an unnecessary self-sabotage which won't achieve Sawyer anything productive.
I met Sawyer in a cafe in Riga during the last in-person EU Perl 5/6 con. Thankfully much of the discussion was of a technical nature, but of course the drama of the moment was brought up. Andrew Shitov, a Russian was culturally insensitive to westerners, go figure. He apologized and it blew over, but some people insisted on grinding an axe because they valued being outraged more than getting on with business.
It was pretty clear that Sawyer was siding with the outraged, but still wanted the show to go on. I had a feeling this (perceived) fence-sitting would win him no points, and observed this play out.
This discussion naturally segued into his experience with P5P, where much the same complaints as lead to his resignation were aired. At the time he was a pumpking, and I stated my opinion that he should just lead unrepentantly. I recall saying something to the effect of "What are you afraid of? That people would stop using perl? This is already happening." At the time it appears he was just frustrated enough to actually lead.
This lead to some of the most forward progress perl5 has had in a long time. For better or worse, the proto-PSC decided to move forward. At the time I felt cautiously optimistic because while his frustration was a powerful motivator, I felt that the underlying mental model causing his frustration would eventually torpedo his effort.
This has come to pass. The game he's playing out here unconsciously is called "look how hard I'm trying". It's part of the Nice Guy social toolkit. Essentially the worldview is a colossal covert contract: "If I try hard and don't offend anyone, everyone will love me!"
It's unsurprising that he's like this, as I've seen this almost everywhere in the software industry. I was like this once myself. Corporate is practically packed from bottom to top with "nice guys". This comes into conflict with the big wide world of perl, as many of the skilled perlers interested in the core language are entrepreneurs.
In our world, being nice gets you nowhere. It doesn't help you in corporate either, but corporate goes to great effort to forestall the cognitive dissonance which breaks people out of this mental model. The reason for this is straightforward. Studies have repeatedly shown those with agreeable personalities are paid less.
Anyways, this exposes "nice" people to rationally disagreeable and self-interested people. Fireworks ensue when their covert contract is not only broken, but laughed at. Which brings us to today, where Sawyer's frustration has pushed him into making a big mistake which he thinks (at some level, or he would not have done it) will get him what he wants.
It won't. Nobody cares how hard you worked to make it right. Those around you will "just say things" forever, and play what have you done for me lately on repeat until the end of time. Such is our lot as humans, and the first step in healing is to accept it.
Future people considering hiring Sawyer will not have a positive view of these actions. Rather than seeing the upright and sincere person exhausted by shenanigans that Sawyer sees in himself, they will see a person who cracked under pressure and that therefore can't be trusted for the big jobs.
I hate seeing fellow developers make some of the same mistakes I did earlier in life. Especially if the reason he cracked now has to do with other things going on in his personal life which none of us are or should be privy to. Many men come to the point where it's "Kill the nice guy, before he kills you". Let us hope the situation is not developing into anything that severe, so that he can right his ship and return to doing good work.
I'm borrowing the title of a famous post by patio11,
because I clearly hate having google juice because it's good and touches on similar points to my former colleague Mark Gardner recently made.
(See what I did there, cross site linking! Maybe I don't hate having google juice after all...)
Anyways, he mentioned that despite having a sprint fail, he still learned a lot of good stuff. This happens a lot as a software developer and you need to be aware of this to ensure you maximize your opportunities to take something positive away from everything you work on.
On that note, I had a similar thing happen to me this week with playwright-perl. It turns out I didn't have to write a custom server with express to expose the Playwright API to Perl. The Playwright team have a command line program which talks on stdin/stdout to do these RPC calls for their python and go clients.
The reason I didn't know about it was that it is not documented! The only reason I found out was due to hopping into the Playwright slack and getting some good feedback from one of the Playwright devs.
This might seem like I did a bunch of work for no reason, and now have to do expensive re-tooling. I actually don't have to do anything if I don't want to. My approach seems to work quite well as-is. That said, even when I do replace it (as this will be good from a maintenance POV), the existing code can be re-used to make one of the things I really want. Namely, a selenium server built with playwright.
This would give me all the powerful new features, reliability and simpler setup that traditional Selenium servers don't have. Furthermore, (if it catches on) it means the browser vendors can stop worrying about releasing buggy selenium driver binaries and focus on making sure their devToolsProtocols are top-shelf. (Spoiler alert: This is one of the secret reasons I wrote Selenium::Client.)
This also shouldn't be too much of a hurdle, given I have machine-readable specs for both APIs, which means it's just a matter of building the needed surjections. Famous last words eh? Should make for an interesting Q3 project in any case.
Last week Sebastian Riedel did some mojo testing using Playwright, I encourage you to see his work here. It would have been neat if he'd used my playwright module on CPAN (as it was built to solve this specific problem). He did so in a way which is inside-out from my approach.
That's just fine! TIMTOWTDI is the rule in Perl, after all. For me, this underlines one of the big difficulties for even a small OSS developer; If you build it, nobody will come for years if you don't aggressively evangelize it.
On that front, I've made some progress; playwright-perl got a ++ from at least one other PAUSE author and I got my first ever gratuity for writing open source software thanks to said module. This is a pretty stark contrast from the 100% thankless task of Selenium::Remote::Driver, which is a lot more work to maintain.
This is a good point to segue into talking about Sebastian's article. Therein he mentions that some of the tricks Playwright are using might end up being a maintenance landmine down the road. Having both worked at a place which has maintained patches to upstream software for years at a time and maintained a selenium API client for years I can say with confidence this is less of a problem than selenium has.
The primary trouble with selenium over the years has to do with the fact that it is simply not a priority for any of the browser vendors. The vast majority of issues filed on Selenium::Remote::Driver over the years have been like this one: In essence, the browser vendor issues a broken driver for a release and we either can ignore it as transient or have to add a polyfill if it persists across releases. Selenium::Remote::Driver is more polyfill than client at this point (partially due to the new WC3 selenium standard not implementing much of the older JSONWire spec).
Historically, Chrome has been the biggest repeat offender in releasing broken drivers. However post-layoffs, it appears Mozilla is getting in on this game as well. Add people frequently using drivers of versions which are incompatible with their browser and encountering undefined behavior, and you begin to understand why microsoft decided to micromanage the browsers the way they did in Playwright. In practice, you need this level of control to have your testing framework be less buggy than the system you want to test with it.
In the end, the reason selenium sticks to open protocols is because they don't have the resources to devote to proper maintenance. I regard a firm which maintains patchsets as a positive; this signals they are actually willing to devote resources to maintenance. They would not have written and shipped them had they not been willing to; most especially not at a firm like Microsoft which is well aware of the consequences.
Another huge controversy over the last half-decade was the "Element Overlap" check, which was buggy for years (especially when negative margin was involved) and still can't be turned off reliably. By contrast, Playwright's check is easy to turn off and has always worked correctly. It sounds like Microsoft learned the right lesson instead of being insensitive to the will of the vast majority of users.
The "Upgrade" to the WC3 protocol also removed a great deal of functionality, while giving us less new features than were removed from the JSONWire spec. Back then the drivers were even more unreliable than they are now; The primary point of the standards was to try and find a minimum set of functionality that they could reliably maintain, an effort which is a clear failure at this point.
Microsoft's approach of just letting the browser vendors do their thing and adapt to them rather than demanding they adapt to testers is far better. In my career this always works out the same way. Your life as a developer and tester gets a lot better when you take the software you work with largely as a given.
It's not like the WC3 API gives you anything above and beyond what the JS interpreter can give you, so it makes a lot of sense from a practical perspective. Playwright on the other hand gives you easy access to everything enabled by the DevToolsProtocol on every browser with a unified API. Selenium 4.0 offers the ability to talk to the DevToolsProtocol, but without a unified API. This is why I consider Selenium an obsolete protocol which has been leapfrogged entirely by Playwright.
This is not to say that Selenium does not have some features which are still not met by the Playwright team. In particular the built-in Selenium Grid which has been massively strengthened in Selenium 4.0. This is enabled by it being a server based approach, rather than just a library for talking to the browser.
Obviously, this is quickly solved with but another layer of abstraction. I did precisely that to accomplish the first Playwright client not made by Microsoft. The server-based approach I took would allow me to replicate Selenium's grid functionality in the future with Playwright... but that's probably not needed in our modern era of coverage reporters and containers. That's why my current project Pairwise is aimed at simplifying this workflow specifically.
Back in the JSONWire days, Microsoft UI had the genius idea to unify desktop testing under the Selenium API with WinAppDriver. This unfortunately has been abandoned in favor of making VSCode a world-beater. This was clearly the right move for microsoft, as even I have been largely converted from my vim + tmux workflow. I still think this is an amazing idea, and (if nobody beats me to it) I want to make an equivalent for linux (using XTest) and OSX...and windows, but all using the Playwright API instead.
Playwright also made another design decision which guarantees it will be easy to spread and write clients for. It ships with a machine-readable specification, while Selenium has never (and likely will never do so). Since SeleniumHQ's 4.0 JAR made breaking changes, I decided to make a new client Selenium::Client. I liked the approach of dynamically making classes based upon a spec, and did so for the next generation selenium client. However, this required that I parse the specification document, which was a nontrivial task (see Selenium::Specification).
The intention long-term is to replace the guts of Selenium::Remote::Driver with Selenium::Client to reduce maintenance burden; this will take some time given how difficult it will be to untangle due to the module being a big ball of mud.
The rest of Sebastian's article goes over the practical points of embedding your perl application inside Node to test it. Much of these are the same concerns (ensuring the server is up before testing, bringing it down correctly, ensuring deps) which I had with the server. Similarly, build toolchain issues are about the same either way; you'll have to wrangle both cpan and npm one way or another. In the end it comes down to personal preference; do you want to write Playwright in perl or JS?
For those of you more comfortable in Perl than JS, I think you'll be well served by playwright-perl. Feel free to give it a shot if this sounds like you. If you like it a lot, feel free to send me a gratuity, become a patron, or log some bugs if you don't like it so much.
I've been writing a bunch of TypeScript lately, and figured out why most of the "Async" modules out there are actually fakin' the funk with coroutines.
Turns out even pedants like programmers aren't immune to meaning drift! I guess I'm an old man now lol.
Article mentioned: Troglodyne Q3 Open Source goals